Saturday, July 4, 2015

About The Declaration There Is A Finality That Is Exceedingly Restful

Calvin Coolidge's speech on the 150th anniversary of the Declaration which THC has excerpted before but it remains as relevant today as when he first included it in a post and as when Coolidge gave it in 1926.

Excerpts from Address by President Calvin Coolidge at the Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, Philadelphia (1926)

"About the Declaration there is a finality that is exceedingly restful. It is often asserted that the world has made a great deal of progress since 1776, that we have had new thoughts and new experiences which have given us a great advance over the people of that day, and that we may therefore very well discard their conclusions for something more modern. But that reasoning can not be applied to this great charter. If all men are created equal, that is final. If they are endowed with inalienable rights, that is final. If governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, that is final.  No advance, no progress can be made beyond these propositions.  If anyone wishes to deny their truth or their soundness, the only direction in which he can proceed historically is not forward, but backward toward the time when there was no equality, no rights of the individual, no rule of the people. Those who wish to proceed in that direction can not lay claim to progress. They are reactionary. Their ideas are not more modern, but more ancient, than those of the Revolutionary fathers."

"It was in the contemplation of these truths that the fathers made their declaration and adopted their Constitution. It was to establish a free government, which must not be permitted to degenerate into the unrestrained authority of a mere majority or the unbridled weight of a mere influential few. They undertook the balance these interests against each other and provide the three separate independent branches, the executive, the legislative, and the judicial departments of the Government, with checks against each other in order that neither one might encroach upon the other. These are our guaranties of liberty. As a result of these methods enterprise has been duly protected from confiscation, the people have been free from oppression, and there has been an ever-broadening and deepening of the humanities of life."

"No other theory is adequate to explain or comprehend the Declaration of Independence. It is the product of the spiritual insight of the people. We live in an age of science and of abounding accumulation of material things. These did not create our Declaration. Our Declaration created them. The things of the spirit come first. Unless we cling to that, all our material prosperity, overwhelming though it may appear, will turn to a barren sceptre in our grasp."

Thursday, July 2, 2015

AM to FM

It was in February 1965 that THC became a devoted listener of AM radio.  He'd watched The Beatles on Ed Sullivan in February and March of '64 and occasionally listened to the radio in the car.  But it wasn't until he was confined to bed for a week in early '65 with a bad cold and sore throat and with a radio by his bed that he began listening every day.  From then until graduating from high school in 1969 he stayed tuned in.

What he was tuned into changed over time.  For the first 2 1/2 years it was two New York AM stations, WABC and less frequently WMCA.  ABC, the home of Cousin Brucie, emphasized the British Invasion bands, American groups like The Beach Boys and Four Seasons with a lot of Motown while MCA was a little more soul oriented playing more Stax and James Brown while also more welcoming to garage bands (today, THC tastes are probably more in MCA's direction).  The AM stations, particularly ABC, had very restricted playlists; the Top 20 (ABC played the #1 song once an hour), a handful of new and quickly rising singles and a smattering of oldies (in those days an oldie meant songs all the way back to 1955).

Things changed in 1966 when the FCC passed a rule requiring that owners of AM and FM stations broadcast different content on each (till that time they often had the same programming).  That created an opening for pop, rock and folk music beyond Top 40 programming.  In late 1966, the first progressive rock format FM station in New York appeared, WOR-FM.  THC's radio by his bed had an FM band (though his family cars did not) and every night he listened to WOR.  His favorite DJs were Scott Muni and William Mercer, better known as Rosko.
(Muni)WNEW-FM, Bill Mercer, Rosko(Rosko from airchexx)

In October 1967 WOR switched formats and Muni and Rosko fled to WNEW-FM which had just adopted the prog rock format.  Between WOR and WNEW, THC heard all sorts of sounds which were never played on AM radio.  It was on WOR he first heard Jimi Hendrix (it was The Wind Cries Mary) as well as Cream's debut album.  The FM stations played the full 7 minute version of Light My Fire by The Doors, not the 3 minute AM hit single (THC thinks Doors music has not aged well, finding it difficult to listen to today).  You could hear groups that never had a hit single. They'd play full albums from start to finish along with all of Alice's Restaurant and all of the endless Inna Gadda Da Vida by Iron Butterfly (which was actually pretty unbearable).  Sometimes Rosko would just recite poetry. It was on WNEW that THC first heard about Woodstock; tickets were $25 for all three nights. The sound of FM was cleaner and crisper than AM and the DJs a lot calmer.  Most of all there were fewer commercials and Muni and Rosko much cooler than the AM DJs.

You might hear an unbroken by commercial sequence (on AM you never heard more than two songs without a commercial break) starting with a Tom Paxton song, followed by River Deep Mountain High from Ike & Tina Turner, move to Badge by Cream, then the spooky Lord Of The Manor from The Everly Brothers (at a time when they were no longer played on AM stations), The Doors doing Kurt Weill's Alabama Song (and maybe if it was real late a double play with End Of The Night), Wind by Circus Maximus and closing with Wake Me, Shake Me (if it was late you might hear Flute Thing instead) by The Blues Project, featuring Al Kooper and Steve Katz who went on to found Blood, Sweat & Tears.  The sequences got weirder as the night grew later.

Hey, THC almost forgot the Bozo Dog Band!

You can listen to some Rosko if you go to this article and scroll down to the embedded audio.

And the start of this video includes a minute of narration from Scott Muni and then goes on to tell the story of the origins of WNEW-FM.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Rome: The Forum Then & Now

It can be difficult to visualize what ancient sites used to look like as you walk among the ruins.  This recreation of the Roman Forum set above a photo of the area today gives a good comparative sense..  On the hill to the upper left is the Temple of Jupiter (now completely gone) on the Capitoline Hill, the place to which the Senatorial conspirators fled after assassinating Julius Caesar in 44 BC.  To its right and lower down on the hill is the Tabularium, where the archives of Rome were stored (the lower stories remain today).  To the right along the roadstead is the Arch of Septimius Severus erected early in the third century AD and which still stands today.

Apart from the total or partial disappearance of many of the structures the biggest change is that the still-standing buildings and monuments had their marble cladding removed for use in other construction projects over the thousand years after the fall of the empire.

From Facebook's Roman History Group.